General circulation of the atmosphere

Semester 1 2020



Lectures

Each week of material is accompanied by readings from the notes and other resources. There will be a problem set roughly every fortnight.

Week 1: Overview & tools

Lectures

  • L1: Introduction & overview of the general circulation
  • L2: The equations of motion & common approximations

Reading

  • Lorenz, E. (1983), A history of prevailing ideas about the general circulation of the atmosphere, Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 64, 730-769.


Week 2: Radiative-convective equilibrium & Hide's theorem

Lectures

  • L3: Radiative-convective equilibrium
  • L4: Hide's theorem

Reading


Week 3: Axisymmetric & non-axisymmetric circulations

Lectures

  • L5: An axisymmetric Hadley circulaton
  • L6: Decomposing the circulation

Reading


Week 4: The angular momentum budget of the atmosphere

Lectures

  • L7: Transient & stationary eddies and state estimation
  • L8: The angular-momentum budget

Reading


Week 5: Jet formation & maintenance: the barotropic case

Lectures

  • L9: The angular-momentum budget: Part II
  • L10: Vorticity fluxes and jet formation

Reading


Week 6: Jet formation in a baroclinic atmosphere

Lectures

  • L11: Rossby waves and momentum fluxes
  • L12: Quasigeostrophy

Reading

Videos


Week 7: The Transformed Eulerian mean

Lectures

  • L13: Elliasen Palm fluxes and the transformed Eulerian mean
  • L14: Hadley Cell redux: eddy influences and the seasonal cycle

Reading

Videos


Week 8: Paper discussions

Video