Martin Singh

Senior Lecturer, School of Earth, Atmosphere & Environment, Monash University

Journal Articles


    Sarbeng, E., & Singh, M.S. (2022). The insensitivity of convective intensity to boundary layer height and boundary layer heterogeneity in radiative-convective equilibrium submitted. [PDF]

    Naha, R., McGregor, S. & Singh, M.S. (2022). Exploring the symmetries of pan-tropical connections between the tropical Atlantic and Pacific basins. submitted.


    Singh, M.S. & O'Neill, M.E (2022). Thermodynamics of the climate system. Physics Today, 75, doi:10.1063/PT.3.5308. [Link].

    Neogi, S. & Singh, M.S. (2022). Understanding changes in the tropical circulation under global warming using a cloud resolving model and a conceptual model. J. Climate, 35, 5855--5868, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0854.1. [PDF]

    Bläckberg, C.P.O. & Singh, M.S. (2022). Increased large-scale convective aggregation in CMIP5 projections: implications for tropical precipitation extremes. Geophysical Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2021GL097295. [PDF]

    Singh, M.S. & Neogi, S (2022). On the interaction between moist convection and large-scale ascent in the tropics. J. Climate, 35, 4417-4434, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0717.1. [PDF] [Code/data]

    Retsch, M.H., Jakob, C. & Singh, M.S. (2022). Identifying relations between deep convection and the large-scale atmosphere using machine learning techniques, J. Geophys. Res.: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD035388, doi:10.1029/2021JD035388. [PDF]

    Singh, M.S. & O'Neill, M.E (2022). The climate system and the second law of thermodynamics, Reviews of Modern Physics, 94, 015001, doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015001. [PDF]

    Liguori, G., McGregor, S., Singh, M.S., Arblaster, J. & Di Lorenzo, E. (2022). Revisiting ENSO and IOD contributions to Australian Precipitation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 49, e2021GL094295, doi:10.1029/2021GL094295. [PDF]



    Ramsay, H.A., Singh, M.S. & Chavas, D.R. (2020). Response of tropical cyclone formation and intensification rates to climate warming in idealized simulations, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 12, 10.1029/2020MS002086. [PDF]

    Wing, A.A. and coauthors incl. Singh, M.S. (2020). Clouds and Convective Self-Aggregation in a Multi-Model Ensemble of Radiative-Convective Equilibrium Simulations, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 12, doi:10.1029/2020MS002138. [PDF].

    Liguori, G., McGregor, S., Arlbaster, J.M., Singh, M.S. & Meehl, G.A. (2020). A joint role for forced and internally-driven variability in the decadal modulation of global warming, Nature Comm., 11, doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17683-7. [PDF] [supp. info.]

    Retsch, M.H., Jakob, C.J. & Singh, M.S. (2020). Assessing convective organisation in tropical radar observations, J. Geophys. Res.: Atmospheres, 125, doi:10.1029/2019JD031801. [PDF]

    Warren, R.A., Singh, M.S. & Jakob, C.J. (2020). Simulations of radiative-convective-dynamical equilibrium, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., doi:10.1029/2019MS001734. [PDF]


    Narsey, S., Jakob, C., Singh, M.S. Bergemann, M, Louf, V., Protat, A. & Williams, C. (2019). Convective precipitation efficiency observed in the tropics, Geophys. Res. Lett.., 46, doi:10.1029/2019GL085031. [PDF]

    Singh, M.S., Warren, R.A. & Jakob, C.J. (2019). A steady-state model for the relationship between humidity, instability, and precipitation in the tropics, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 11, doi:10.1029/2019MS001686. [PDF] [Code/data]

    Singh, M.S. (2019). Limits on the extent of the solsticial Hadley cell: the role of planetary rotation, J. Atmos. Sci., 76, 1989-2004. [PDF]

    Jakob, C.J., Singh, M.S. & Jungandreas, L. (2019). Radiative Convective Equilibrium and Organised Convection–an observational perspective, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2018JD030092. [PDF]

    Ma, D., Sobel, A., Kuang, Z., Singh, M.S. & Nie, J. (2019). A moist entropy budget view of the South Asian summer monsoon onset, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, [PDF]

    Tian, Y., Kuang, Z., Singh, M.S. & Nie, J. (2019). The vertical momentum budget of shallow cumulus convection: insights from a Lagrangian perspective, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 11, 113-126. [PDF]


    O'Gorman, P.A., Merlis, T.M. & Singh, M.S. (2018). Increase in the skewness of extratropical vertical velocities with climate warming: fully nonlinear simulations versus moist baroclinic instability Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 144, 208-217. [PDF]


    Singh, M.S., Kuang, Z., Maloney, E.D., Hannah W.M., & Wolding B.O. (2017). Increasing potential for intense tropical and subtropical thunderstorms under global warming. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114, 11657-11662. [PDF] [supp. info.] [article in The Conversation]
       Note: there is an error in the published version of Fig. 2. The corrected figure can be found here.

    Singh, M.S., Kuang Z. & Tian, Y. (2017). Eddy influences on the strength of the Hadley circulation: dynamic and thermodynamic perspectives. J. Atm. Sci., 74, 467-486. [PDF]


    Singh, M.S. & O'Gorman, P.A. (2016). Scaling of the entropy budget with surface temperature in radiative-convective equilibrium. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 8, doi:10.1002/2016MS000673. [PDF]

    Singh, M.S. & Kuang, K. (2016). Exploring the role of eddy momentum fluxes in determining the characteristics of the equinoctial Hadley circulation: fixed-SST simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 2427-2444. [PDF]


    Pfahl, S., O'Gorman, P.A. & Singh, M.S. (2015). Midlatitude cyclones in idealized simulations of changed climates. J. Atmos. Sci., 28, 9373-9392. [PDF]

    Singh, M.S. & O'Gorman, P.A. (2015). Increases in moist-convective updraft velocities with warming in radiative-convective equilibrium. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., DOI:10.1002/qj.2567. [PDF]


    Singh, M.S. & O'Gorman, P.A. (2014). Influence of microphysics on the scaling of precipitation extremes with temperature. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 6037-6044. [PDF] [supp. info.]


    Singh, M.S. & O'Gorman, P.A. (2013). Influence of entrainment on the thermal stratification in simulations of radiative-convective equilibrium. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4398-4403. [PDF] [supp. info.] [MATLAB code for zero-buoyancy plume model]

    O'Gorman, P.A. & Singh, M.S. (2013). Vertical structure of warming consistent with an upward shift in the middle and upper troposphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1838-1842. [PDF] [supp info]

    Davies, L., Jakob, C., Cheung, K., Del Genio, A, Hill, A, Hume, T., Keane, R.J., Komori, T., Larson, V.E., Lin, Y., Liu, X., Nielsen, B.J., Petch, J., Plant, R.S., Singh, M.S., Shi, X., Song, X., Wang, W., Whitall, M.A., Wolf, A., Xie, S. & Zhang, G. (2013), A single-column model ensemble approach applied to the TWP-ICE experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 6544-6563.

2012 & earlier

    Singh, M.S. & O'Gorman, P.A. (2012). Upward shift of the atmospheric general circulation under global warming: theory and simulations. J. Climate, 25, 8259-8276. [PDF]

    O'Gorman, P.A., Lamquin, N., Schneider, T. & Singh, M.S. (2011). The relative humidity in an isentropic, advection-condensation model: Properties of subtropical minima and limited poleward influence. J. Atmos. Sci., 68, 3079-3093. [PDF]

    Singh, M.S. & Hogg, A.McC. (2010). Viscous effects in two-layer, unidirectional hydraulic flow. J. Fluid Mech., 644, 371-394. [Online Copy from JFM]